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Functional neurological disorder

Functional neurological disorder

FND describes neurological symptoms like limb weakness, tremor, numbness or blackouts, related to the movement and sensation parts of the nervous system.

Functional neurological disorder (FND) that includes a wide range of neurological symptoms including limb weakness, seizures, spasms, twitching, sensory issues and more. Anyone of any age can receive a diagnosis of FND, and for many people the symptoms can be severe and disabling.

Symptoms of FND can appear similar to those of other neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's and epilepsy, but for people with FND the underlying cause is different. Although the nervous system's basic wiring is intact, there is a problem with how the brain and nervous system work, and the brain is failing to send and receive correct signals. Various tasks such as controlling movement and paying attention can be affected by this.

A neurologist diagnoses Functional Neurological Disorder based on neurological signs and tests. Diagnosis is important to avoid misdiagnosis, FND may also be present alongside other neurological diseases.

Further information

Functional Neurological Disease clinic

Neurosymptoms website (external site)

University of Edinburgh's FND research group page (healthcare professionals and academics)

FND Society website (healthcare professionals and academics)

FND-Hope find a practitioner map and website (external site)